You must be aware of the three types of tenses. The most fundamental and basic grammar lesson is tenses. Without a thorough understanding of the tenses and their usage in various situations, it is difficult to communicate effectively. Tenses communicate the time of an event and the tense of an event can be determined by looking at the verb form. Learning all three tenses is essential as it helps in the construction of the sentences as well as makes the conversation more effective and understandable. When it comes to academic writing, simple present, simple past and present perfect tenses are most commonly used. In this article, we have provided a few examples of the usage of the types of tenses. 

Tenses and Their Functions

Tenses describe the location of an event in time, whereas aspects describe the durations and connections between events that occur at different periods. Below in the article, we have provided some examples for various tenses. The usage of tenses like future perfect tense, past perfect tense continuous tense, etc. can be a little tricky to understand for kids. Therefore, we have provided some examples for your reference to better understand the usage of these tenses. Refer to the below-provided table to understand the usage of the types of tenses in situations. 


Tense Function Example
Simple Present Used to describe facts, generalisations, and truths that are unaffected by time. The sun rises in the east.

I play the guitar in the museum. 

She writes to me every morning.

Simple Past Used when events are completed in the past. He went to the event with his mother.

She went to bring her some clothes.

Simple Future Used when the events are to be completed in the future. She will participate in the competition. 

I shall visit her tomorrow. 

Present Perfect Used to describe the importance of past events to the present moment or to depict activities that started in the past and are likely to continue. She has written a letter to me explaining the programme. 

I have gone to her place.

Past Perfect Used to describe former events that occurred before other events. He had played the game really well.

I had gone with him once.

Future Perfect Used to indicate situations that will take place between now and a certain time in the future.  He will have written to me. 

I shall have gone with her to the market.

Present Continuous Used to describe the events which are going on presently She is preparing for her board exams.

I am going to bring a puppy today. 

Past Continuous Used to indicate ongoing past occurrences, usually in relation to another event’s occurrence. She was preparing for her exams when he entered.

I was writing a letter to you and then you called.

Future Continuous Used to describe the continuation of future events throughout a period of time. He will be participating tomorrow.

They will be planning for the party soon.

Present Perfect Continuous Used to express events that began in the past and are still ongoing or have just ended, highlighting their connection to the present moment. She has been writing about this topic for years now. 

I have been designing this cloth for you. 

Past Perfect Continuous Used to emphasise the historical significance of events that began, continued and terminated in the past. She had been staying with her mother at Andheri.

I had been waiting for him.

Future Perfect Continuous Used to emphasise the predicted duration of events that will continue till a time in the future. She will have been writing the research paper. 

I shall have been travelling it seems.


Before you want your child to be good at English communication, you must make sure that your child knows what is tense and how to utilise these tenses in everyday communication. Among all the three tenses, the future tense is rarely used in our conversation. Learning the tenses is probably the most important thing you can do to improve your communication skills and grammar skills. It helps in making your communication more effective and makes it understandable. 

By Grace